Peer Review

Peer Review is a process by which journals consider the quality of the study by welcoming experts in the field to review the manuscript and help determine whether it is suitable for publication.

The process usually implicates the following phases:

    • Step 1: Editor Screening
      The manuscript will be an initially screened by an editor. At this first stage, the journal editor will decide if it is suitable for the journal and whether there are any major flaws.
      If the editor notices any problems in the manuscript or it is inappropriate to the scope and the goal of the journal, the manuscript will be rejected without external review and it will be informed to the authors.
      If the manuscript permits the editor’s initial screening, it is sent out for review to external reviewers.
    • Step 2: Peer Review
      Now the paper has accepted the editor’s screening, it will be furthered to reviewers. Usually 3-5 reviewers are invited to review the manuscript, but reviewer count may vary according to the field of study. The reviewers should be experts in the appropriate field. Every reviewer will review and comment on the manuscript. The journal may have their specific review guideline, but the reviewers will look at importance of the study, results presentation, the study design, clarity of language, references, etc. Reviewers will also make a recommendation to the journal editor regarding publication.
      Based on the reviewers’ comments and recommendations, the editor will make final decision on the paper, whether the manuscript will be accepted, rejected or invited for revision and resubmit. The editor will formally inform send the decision letter to the authors. It is very rare for a paper to be accepted as it is. If the author requested for revision and resubmit the paper, they will follow the third step.
    • Step 3: Revising and Resubmitting 
      The editors believe that the article holds important information but some concerns or issues need to be addressed. The authors needs consider reviewer’s comments and the revision should be done based on the review comments.
      The author needs to mention clear explanations for each comment and for the change which has been made, or if there are no changes to be done then they have to provide proper reasons. The authors need to follow the editors’ instruction on how to show revision (e.g. underlining the changes, attaching notes).
      After completion of the revision, the authors resubmit the revised article to the journal. The revision will follow review by the editor only, or by both the editor and reviewers for the second round. Then the authors can get a final decision from the editors. Usually, if the editor and reviewers believe the revision has properly addressed their previous issues and the paper has enhanced after the revision, the article will move on the last step.
  • Step 4: Acceptance
    When the article is accepted, the authors get an acceptance letter. The authors may be requested to complete certain official papers as a requirement for publication. The manuscript will be copy- edited and proceed with publication.

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